Prevent fruit tree insects and disease|John Dromgoole|Central Texas Gardener

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Hello gardening friends, welcome to backyardbasics.

So you put in some fruit trees.

Whether it was this year or previous years, there's some maintenance of the fruit trees.

One of the things that's really importantis every year to pick up the fallen leaves.

They may have a disease or insect on themand especially the fallen fruit.

This is really important.

This will control insect eggs, sprayed witha horticulture oil, hibernating insects are also in there, so we need to spray them.

And then there's these diseases.

Like you said, the bacterial diseases, thefungal diseases, the fungal diseases are leaf curl and brown rot on the fruit, this canruin the crop really, and so the other one is the bacterial diseases, they cause thingslike bacterial canker.

This is really damaging to the plant and sometimesyou just have to cut the branches off without being able to treat them.

But you can prevent it.

And so sometimes before, sometimes after thepruning, you can do these kinds of sprays, it's up to you really.

Some of the types of products that we wouldbe using would be a mineral oil, this is one of the traditional ones, and here's this oneright here, All Seasons, very popular, and the mineral oil, minosocapate, this is anotherone that is traditional and that sulfur, the wettable sulfur is the one we're going tobe using.

Now the wettable sulfur is easy to use, andonce again manages the diseases and some of the insects much of the time.

And so this is another one.

These are two effective ones, if you're figuringout what works, those are two of them.

Some of the Miller products though that helpus control disease are these two right here.

One of them is called Actinivate and thisis a very good one, it's used to spray the branches, and get real good control of someof the diseases.

This is that important step you need to taketo get your crops, you can't just put these plants out there and ignore them.

Another one is this Serenade right here.

This is a good one for fungal problems andbacterial.

It's all about prevention really.

And so we have another one right here that'smultipurpose, it's called Organicide, these things are widely available too, it's notlike you had to go to a specialty store, I like independent groceries though.

And so this one will control insects and diseaseand it's a Midicide too, you know, make it simple and get something like that.

So you'll be spraying during the dormant periodwhen the leaves aren't there, you've already cleaned up the fruits around the trees, andthen you have the leaves, and then you'll start the spray program.

You know there's another insect that we haveto deal with, and that is the plum Kerculio.

This is a big problem.

For gardeners that are growing plums, actually, and some of the peaches around here, that's the little worm that's inside.

This beetle comes along and with it's longsnout, will open it up, lay it's eggs in there, and it does this immediately after the flowersfall off.

And so there's this little fruit there andthat's when you need to start spraying.

One of the things that's very effective isclay.

The cale and clay is very good, it's a registeredproduct and widely used, and I know from the University research that they're giving about78% control.

That's really nice.

Beneficial nematodes in the soil, that's wherethese plum Kerculios are, so you may as well knock them down right there too, if you don't, in a few weeks, maybe a month or so, here they come again, right back on the fruit whereyou tried to eliminate them, so by spraying the ground with the nematodes, you get excellentcontrol, and these are the devices that make it easy.

If you only have one tree or so, then thishand sprayer is a very good one.

If you've got several to do, and you can putthe nematodes out for the two, these little pump sprayers are excellent.

And for big areas, then this diala(?) sprayis a very good one too.

So you can see we need to manage our treesand we have plenty of equipment to do it with.

So if you're a new gardener, remember that.

For Backyard Basics, I'm John Dromgoole.

See you next time.

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